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Engineering in India and JEE Main

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Engineering is a science involving designing, building and usage of machines, engines, and structures. Pursuing an engineering degree is a popular career option in India. With the economy opening up over the last two decades, the steady growth of industries in the last few years, as well as the addition of streams within engineering, students may have a variety of career choices.
Engineering education
In order to secure admission to an engineering college, it is mandatory for you to have passed the 10+2 with subjects like physics, chemistry, and mathematics. According to the new format introduced by the government, you must undertake the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE Main) exams in order to secure admission to an undergraduate course in the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and other centrally funded institutions. The entrance exam was formerly called the All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE) and was used for admissions to NITs and other centrally funded institutions. IITs conducted the IIT-JEE. If you clear the JEE Main, you must then appear for the JEE (Advanced) exam, which can give you the chance to get admission into select colleges in the country.
Apart from these tests, top institutes such as Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT), Delhi College of Engineering (DCE) and Birla Institute conduct their own entrance exams separately. The importance of scoring well in the class 12 exam is evident, as about 40 per cent weight is generally given to it during admissions. The undergraduate engineering course is usually eight semesters, or four years, after which a student receives a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in the specified field chosen. Students looking to pursue a master's course in any chosen stream must either have a B.Tech. degree in the same field, or else have a specialized degree course such as a Bachelor's in Physics, Maths, Chemistry or Computers.
While the first and second year of your bachelor's course will likely have common studies, you need to opt for a specialization after the completion of a few semesters. This is a decisive step, as not only can you gain in-depth knowledge in your chosen stream, your stream may determine career growth and the companies that could hire you.
Besides conventional courses such as mechanical, computers, chemical, and civil engineering, newer fields are coming up that may increase opportunities for students pursuing engineering. These include applied mechanics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, instrumentation, metallurgical engineering, marine engineering, and material science. Most courses necessitate minimum aggregate marks in class 12, with slightly higher scores in two or more subjects depending on the course. For instance, a course in computer engineering would likely require higher scores in mathematics and computers. You must check the websites of prospective engineering colleges for information before applying.
Importance of JEE Main:
  • Somehow engineering colleges in India have come to accept that the boards are not the best form of measurement of student abilities and we need another exam. So they started taking their own exam, as a result, there were a lot of exams.
  • The government decided to reduce the load for students by creating a single exam, the result of this exam can be used to apply to different colleges in India.
  • IIT's wanted to maintain their autonomy and believed that JEE Mains does not create the right kind of metrics to measure the top students. So they decided to use their own examination namely JEE Advanced to admit students to undergraduate programs. JEE gives admission to the elite and prestigious engineering colleges of India named NIT and IIT.
  • JEE is the most important exam in India for those students who want to pursue an engineering degree after class 12.
  • Admission in most engineering colleges in India is made on the basis of JEE mains score.
  • Someone can judge the standard of engineering college by seeing the JEE mains score of crowd admitted.
  • JEE is very important in the life of an aspiring engineer in India. 13–15 lakh students write this exam nearly where the success rate is 0.1% for NIT and 0.05% for IIT.
  • More than this its a matter of social pride that you are studying in IIT or NIT. You become a local celebrity if you have cleared JEE with a good rank.
What is JEE?
The Joint Entrance Examination, commonly known as the JEE, is an All-India level examination for getting admission into the undergraduate level courses in the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs). The JEE consists of two parts-JEE Main and JEE Advanced. The JEE Main exam is for admissions into National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs). After writing JEE Main, if you clear the cut-off score for appearing in JEE Advanced, you’ll be eligible to appear for the same. JEE Main is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Around 1.2 to 1.5 million candidates appear for the JEE Main every year.
The JEE Advanced exam is for admissions into the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). It is conducted by the IITs. The students who obtain marks greater than the JEE Main cut-off marks are eligible to appear in the JEE Advanced examination. In the year 2017, the top 220,000 examinees from JEE Main were eligible to sit for the JEE Advanced.
Some facts about JEE - Main :
1. It was not always the entrance to IITs in the country. IIT KGP held its own entrance tests till 1959, as it was the only IIT in the country.
2. The JEE is known for its high security and fairness, but did you know the paper was leaked once? In 1997, IITs had to conduct entrance twice because the paper got leaked in some centres.
3. From 1960 onwards all the sister IITs conducted their entrance tests together. It had four subjects including the English Language!
4. The Main and Advanced concept isn’t new. IITs used to screen 20,000 students out to 450,000, from 2000-2005. For other engineering colleges, there were AIEEE and state PETs.
5. The Joint Entrance Exam was not always called that. In its early days, it was called Common Entrance Exam aka CEE.
6. The JEE has sired a 10Cr coaching industry and single-handedly turned Kota from the site of a nuclear factory to one of the biggest and certainly earliest coaching hubs.
7. Till 2005, the JEE was a mix of subjective and objective questions. It was revamped as a single objective-type test in 2006. Additional changes included were the class 12 marks criteria, whereby a general candidate had to score 60% and SC/ST/PWD had to score 55%.
8. The Joint Entrance Test ranks 2nd in the world in terms of toughness. The top spot is occupied by Gaokao, the entrance test for Undergraduate Studies in the People’s Republic of China.
9. The total number of colleges to accept JEE Main score stands at 1,101.
10. The number of women taking admission in the IITs through the Joint Entrance Exam dipped by 2% in 2016. This prompted the government to create supernumerary seats for girls. Supernumerary means seats apart from the existing ones therefore not hitting the general category boys.
11. Apart from the IITs, the following institutes also use the JEE Advanced ranks for admission into the B.Tech programs:
a.Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Rae Bareli (RGIPT)
b.Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST)
c.Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (IISc)
d.Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), Visakhapatnam
e.Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs):
a)IISER Kolkata
b)IISER Bhopal
c)IISER Mohali
d)IISER Pune
e)IISER Berhampur
f)IISER Thiruvananthapuram
g)IISER Tirupati
12. The current admission rate through the JEE has fallen from 1.95% in 2012 to 0.92% in the year 2017.
13. The whole pattern of engineering tests was dismantled and the new system of mains and advance came to being in 2013.
JEE MAIN Eligibility criteria and cut-off
Knowing the eligibility criteria for the JEE Main is important because only the eligible students are allowed to take admission in NITs, IIITs, and CFTIs. Also, the application fee would not be refunded if a candidate is found to be ineligible after he/she has registered for the JEE Main exam.
Age Limit: If you wish to take JEE Main exam in 2019, you should be born on or after 1st October 1993. Relaxation of 5 years is granted to the students belonging from the SC, ST or PWD categories, i.e. for appearing in JEE Main 2018, an SC/ST/PWD candidate should have the date of birth on or after 1st October 1988. The date of birth mentioned in the Secondary School Certificate is taken into consideration.
Aadhaar Card: You need to have an Aadhaar Card if you’re willing to apply for JEE Main. You will have to fill in your Aadhaar Card number in the application form. If you do not have an Aadhaar Card, you won’t be eligible to apply for JEE Main.
Number of Attempts: Maximum number of attempts that you can take for clearing the JEE Main exam is 3.
Qualification criteria:
a)In case you’re showing up for JEE Main 2019, you ought to pass the class 12 board examination or any other equivalent qualifying examination with no less than 5 subjects (counting Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) in the year 2016 or 2017.
b)You can likewise apply in case you’re showing up in class 12 board examination or any other equivalent qualifying examination in 2019 and have no less than 5 subjects including Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
c)Eligibility criteria for admission in IITs, NITs, IIITs, and CFTIs:
d)If you wish to get admission in one of the IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs, you ought to obtain at least 75% marks in class 12th board examination, or you must be among top 20 percentile in the class 12th examination of your respective board.
e)The SC/ST candidates must obtain at least 65% marks in their class 12th board examination.
To be qualified to appear in the JEE Advanced exam, you have to score at least the cutoff JEE Main marks for that specific year. In the year 2018, the top 2,20,000 candidates of the JEE Main were eligible to take the JEE Advanced exam. The following trend of the cutoff marks has been observed over the years:
CATEGORY
20182017201620152014
GENERAL
7481100105115
OBC
45
49
70
70
74
SC
29
32
52
50
53
ST
24
27
48
44
47
What is JEE Main Rank?
Your admission into the institutes participating in the JEE Main Counseling will be done on the basis of your JEE Main Rank.
Till 2016, the JEE Main rank was calculated by giving 60% weighting to the JEE Main score and 40% weighting to the class 12 board examination results. However, from the year 2017 onwards, this practice has been discontinued and the JEE Main ranks are calculated solely based on the JEE Main score of the candidates.
Managing board exams and JEE together may seem like a tedious task, but with hard work and perseverance, you can excel in both of them. Go ahead and nail them both! All the best!

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We get to hear a lot of news boasting about the positive area of every field of life and often ignore the negative aspects it leads to. Ignorance doesn’t solve any problem. You all might have heard about the successful career and high scopes in the field of engineering but you must also grasp some amount of knowledge about the unexplored world before you opt for any field or course. Not only is this important for the students who want to pursue a shining bright career in this field, but even for those who are mid-way in this field and also for those who have already completed this course of study with no job in their favor.People often ponder about the reason that is linked with the increased rate of unemployment in the field of engineering. Despite having a qualified degree and good marks, many students fail to get a job. The main reason for it is the poor education and low standard of the Engineering colleges nowadays. 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Trending engineering branches which are highest pa...

Making a career in Engineering is not as easy as it sounds. Of course, the coursework is taxing, however, choosing a course is also difficult given the number of programs and fields to explore in engineering. There are multiple branches of engineering today and choosing one is dependent on a couple of factors that are important before you take the plunge. Most of us today live a very lavish lifestyle and want to have the best of everything. Is it that easy? It is if you’re raking in the big bucks. This happens to be one of the factors in choosing an engineering specialization. Some fields in engineering pay heavy and that is one of the reasons students choose to enter that field.Machines, physics, thermodynamics, space; if these are the things that fascinate you then finding the right career in engineering just got easier for you. The other factor that determines the choice of engineering field one enters is their personal interests. ‘Choose what you love and make it big’ is one of the mantras followed these days by not just the creative kinds but also the engineering students.So the two most important factors in determining the best career in engineering are Money and Interest.Petroleum Engineering: This is the branch of engineering that rakes in a lot of money for anyone who pursues this field. With a lot of demand for crude oil and natural gas, this field is expanding ten-fold. Petroleum engineers are one of the highest paid engineers not just in India but across the globe.Salary Structure (Experience-wise):Experience    Salary (per annum)1 - 2 years    Rs. 4 - 4.5 lakh10 - 12 years    Rs. 20 - 40 lakhMajor job recruiters :Newman-Johnson-King, Inc.Shamrock RecruitingKLA IndustriesRandstadCameron CraigElectrical Engineering: This branch is one of the most demanding fields of engineering. As it deals with the use and application of electricity, electronics, electromagnetism, etc. its application is used worldwide and in the daily life. A career in electrical engineering will always be fruitful for anyone who decides to pursue it.Salary Structure (Experience-wise):Experience    Salary (per annum)1 - 2 years    Rs. 1.5 - 3 lakh10 - 12 years    Rs. 10 - 15 lakhMajor job recruiters :VelSourceAbvolt Technologies IncorporatedJindal Steel & Power Ltd.ISRO GTROComputer Engineering: This integrates two fields of electrical engineering and computer science for the development of hardware and software. IT industry is in the boom for over a decade now and the importance of computer engineering is still at its peak. A lot of students opt for computer engineering as it pays well and has a lot of scopes both in India and abroad.Salary Structure (Experience-wise):Experience    Salary (per annum)1 - 2 years    Rs. 5 - 15 lakh10 - 12 years    Rs. 20 - 40 lakhMajor job recruiters :TCSInfosysWiproHCLAccentureCognizantMicrosoftIBMAdobeGoogleAccentureCiscoOracleSun MicrosystemsYahooTech MahindraMahindra SatyamAerospace Engineering: Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the talk of the town in recent years. With a lot of research and development going into the exploration of other parts of the universe, a need for spacecraft and aircraft arises. This is taken care of by Aerospace Engineers. Aerospace Engineering is a discipline of engineering which deals with the development of spacecraft and aircraft. It is further divided into aeronautical and astronautical engineering which is interlinked. These engineers happen to be one of the highly paid people in the field of engineering.Salary Structure (Experience-wise):Experience    Salary (per annum)1 - 2 years    Rs. 5 - 8 lakh10 - 12 years    Rs. 20 - 30 lakhMajor job recruiters : Some of the reputed recruiters of aeronautical engineering are as the following:HALDRDOISROAir IndiaIndian AirlinesHelicopter Corporation of IndiaDRDLNALADECivil Aviation DepartmentPrivate airlinesFlight clubsChemical Engineering: There are a lot of elements in nature which intrigue and amuse a person. Chemistry, Physics and Biology make up the field of Science. These are then used along with mathematics and economics to transform, produce, and use chemical elements, energy and materials. It is a risky yet exciting field and the need to find new mixtures and elements that are sustainable in nature has raised the demand of chemical engineers. Again, this happens to be one of the highly paid branches of engineering.Salary Structure (Experience-wise):Experience    Salary (per annum)1 - 2 years    Rs. 4 - 8.5 lakh10 - 12 years    Rs. 12 - 30 lakhMajor job recruiters :Arofine Polymers LtdCentury Textiles and Industries LtdColour-Chem LtdDeepak Fertilizers and Petrochemicals Ltd.Materials Engineering: As can be gathered from the name itself, materials engineering deals with discovery and designing of new materials. There is a lot of scope for materials engineering graduates in terms of pay as well as opportunities.Salary Structure (Experience-wise):Experience    Salary (per annum)1 - 2 years    Rs. 5 - 8 lakh10 - 12 years    Rs. 10 - 20 lakhMajor job recruiters :The top recruiters are mainly the metal manufacturing industries. Some of the top companies include the following:Steel Authority India Limited (SAIL)Tata SteelJindal SteelHindalco Industries LimitedNuclear Engineering: Someone who is fascinated by the physics of the universe, nuclear engineering is one field where the principles of nuclear physics are applied to the greatest extent. Fission and fusion of atomic and sub-atomic particles are studied in this branch of engineering. Another risky field, this branch provides a lot of scope in terms of pay and opportunity.Salary Structure (Experience-wise):Experience    Salary (per annum)1 - 2 years    Rs. 3 - 5 lakh10 - 12 years    Rs. 15 - 20 lakhMajor job recruiters :Some specialist recruitment agencies handle some vacancies. For opportunities see:FircroftMatchtechRoevin Engineering Recruitment

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