Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline and the oldest which deals with the constructed environment. This branch includes programs which are planning, designing, construction and maintenance of the building structures and facilities. The Civil Engineering brings with the engineers whose sole purpose is to practice the application of planning, it's design and operation of various infrastructures while safeguarding the public and environmental health simultaneously as well as improving and working over the existing infrastructure which is neglected.
Civil Engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal involving the government and in case of private deals from individual homeowners to the international companies.
Another name for the Civil Engineering is the Construction Engineering. The public sector structures which include tunnels, dams, sewers, bridges, highways, airports, railway lanes, industrial plants, etc come to this category of Civil Engineering.
The general highlights on the course of Civil Engineering can be:
|Examination Type||Semester System|
10+2 with Science Subjects
Eligibility and the Courses
|Diploma||3 years||Candidates should have passed their 10th class with Science and Mathematics as one of their subjects and should have scored a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate.||state-level entrance exam|
|B.E/B.TECH||4 years||Candidates should have passed XII with PCM as compulsory subjects with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate from any recognized Institution/University.||JEE Main, OJEE|
|M.E/M.TECH||2 years||Candidates should have a B.E./B.Tech degree in Civil Engineering or B. Architecture/B. Planning with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks from any Institution.||GATE, SRM JEE|
The top recruiters for the aspirants regarding Civil Engineering for the nation are numerous and still growing. The top recruiters here of the nation are as :
- Larsen and Toubro
- Tata Group
- Jaiprakash Associates
- Reliance Infrastructure Limited
- Lanco Infratech
- Hindustan Construction Company
- Shobha Developers
- Punj Lloyd
The general ways for the admissions in undergraduate Civil Engineering are :
- Direct Admission - The admission process for the Civil Engineering in some engineering institutes have their own criteria for the admission. They either offer the admission basis of their respective merit list in the qualifying exam which is 10+2 or equivalent to that. Also, there are some seats reserved in private engineering colleges, while the fee structure is comparatively higher than the others.
- Direct Admission for Diploma Holders - Various engineering colleges of the nation also offers direct admission. These are offered to the ITI diploma holders in the second year of the respective course.
- Entrance Exams: There are also entrance exams in India at the respective states and the national level. Among which is the JEE Main which is the most sought for the engineering entrances.
Syllabus and Courses
The Civil Engineering course structure is designed in a way, that helps the students for the structural changes for the world. The Civil Engineering Programs include courses where the students learn theoretically and practically for the different fields which the course for Civil Engineering. This includes lectures, classrooms, practicals, industrial visits, and the summer internships.
In most of the Civil Engineering institutes, the first year of every branch has common subjects.Second year onwards is where the specialization begins. Hence the first year courses are similar. Below is the general syllabus for Civil Engineering were the subjects prescribed and referred most of the engineering colleges in India. The core subjects of this discipline are :
- Surveying-land and Surveying
- Material Science and Construction Engineering
- Structural Analysis & Design
- Architecture and Town Planning
- Coastal Engineering
- Building Technology
- Design of Hydraulic Structures
- Earthquake Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Geo-technical Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Urban Engineering
- Control Engineering
The nation is demanding for the technology revolution. Regarding this and considering this, the growing industries with a target to complete the spaces domestically and overseas. The nation is aiming to spread its wings in every corner of the country. The industrial expansion is on the pace, civil engineering is remarking and is a promising career option to these young aspirants.
The Civil Engineers vital roles with their skilled professionals. Some of the roles could be as :
- Research, Planning, designing, management of structure.
- Construction, installation, and modification of structure.
- Rectifying issues and problems using scientific principles/fundamentals.
- Execution/implementation, the operation of the defined plan.
- Monitoring developments and analysis.
When it comes to the Civil Engineering which also known as the Constructional Engineering, the candidates appearing for various engineering entrance for their career. The topmost entrance exams that are the gateway for the aspirants are:
- JEE Advanced
- Tripura JEE
Career & Job Projects
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary Per Annum|
|Civil Engineer ||Civil engineers are responsible for creating, protecting, and improving the environment where we live. They design, plan, and oversee the construction and maintenance of building construction and structures. They also plan and design some systems like roads, airports, railways, harbors, budges, power plants, dams, bridges, and sewage systems.||3 - 4 lakhs|
|Architect||Architects are responsible for working in the construction industry designing, restoring and conserving old buildings, new buildings, and developing new ways of using existing buildings. They also work in construction projects from the earliest stages through to completion. They also presenting and preparing design proposals to clients.||3 - 4 lakhs|
|Technical Officer ||Technical Officers work with computers and may also draw sketches. Designers choose artwork and type size to produce an effective visual image. They have expertise with software graphics in order to design layouts and create animation effects. They use computer graphics to animate ideas and information with sound and movement. They work on films create titles and credits to evoke a feeling that mirrors the movie theme. They may create charts or use a certain color or typeface to highlight text.||8 - 9 lakhs|
|Business analyst ||A business analyst’s main task is to facilitate the growth of the business for which he or she works. They are working primarily with the sales and marketing departments, these experienced professionals develop training plans to educate and motivate employees of a company to perform at their most profitable level.||5- 6 lakhs|
|Assistant Executive Engineer||Assistant Executive Engineers usually the ones responsible for recruiting and interviewing quality people to staff your location, making sure these new employees transition as smoothly as possible into their jobs. They should be a good teacher who tries to help employees who are having difficulty picking up new skills. Their job is to be attentive to your employees by motivating them to succeed and improve. Keep their staff in high spirits and be as helpful as possible to customers and clients.||10 - 11 lakhs|
Question: Can I get involved in research or other group project?
Answer: Yes you can be involved. Undergraduates have worked on research projects from mine drainage to construction robots to design methods aided by computer.
Question:What is the difference between civil and environmental engineering?
Answer: Civil engineers focus on the development of various structures, including roads, buildings, and airports, while environmental engineers create different projects that can solve environmental issues.